On October 17, 2018, the Cannabis Act came into force. The new law will make it legal for adults to consume and posses marijuana. It puts in place a new, strict framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale, and possession of cannabis in Canada.
The Cannabis Act protects public health and safety by:
- setting rules for adults to access quality-controlled cannabis
- creating a new, tightly regulated supply chain
Adults who are 18 years or older (depending on province or territory) are able to:
- possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public
- share up to 30 grams with other adults
- purchase cannabis products from a provincial or territorial retailer
- grow up to 4 plants per residence (not per person) for personal use from licensed seeds or seedlings
Possession, production, and distribution, and sale outside of what the law allows remain illegal and subject to criminal penalties, ranging from ticketing up to a maximum penalty of 14 years imprisonment.
The law also sets up funds for education of marijuana and laws to protect youths from accessing the drug.
It will also remain illegal to transport marijuana into the United States from Canada.